Transgenic Plants And Animals Wikipedia
Plant cells act as the Natures cheapest factory.
Transgenic plants and animals wikipedia. Transgenic plants are plants that have had their genomes modified through genetic engineering techniques either by the addition of a foreign gene or removal of a certain detrimental gene. The foreign gene that is introduced is known as the transgene and the animal whose genome is altered is known as transgenic. The foreign gene is constructed using recombinant DNA methodology.
TRANSGENESIS- The phenomenon of introduction of exogenous DNA into the genome to create and maintain a stable and heritable character. Applications of animal transgenesis may be divided into three major categories. Transgenic plants are plants that have been genetically engineered a breeding approach that uses recombinant DNA techniques to create plants with new characteristicsThey are identified as a.
These genes are passed on to the successive generations. In addition to the gene itself the DNA usually includes other sequences to enable it to be incorporated into the DNA of the host and to be expressed correctly by the cells of the host. Transgenic animals for the production of therapeutic and diagnostic proteins are produced by transferring fertilized transgene-carrying embryos to recipient animals.
Plant can be used as bioreactor transgenic plants which can be used to produce the proteins or peptides encoded by the introduced foreign genes in vaccine production against animal and human diseases. It was in 1995-96. Transgenesis is the phenomenon in which a foreign gene with desired characteristics is introduced into the genome of the target animal.
Animal life is possible due to plants. Transgenic plants can produce a variety of proteins used in diagnostics for detecting and curing human and animal diseases in large scale with low cost. The monoclonal antibodies peptide hormones cytokinins and blood plasma proteins are being produced in transgenic plants and their parts such as tobacco in leaves potato in tubers sugarcane in stems and maize in.
I to obtain information on gene function and regulation as well as on human diseases ii to obtain high value products recombinant pharmaceutical proteins and xeno-organs for humans to be used for human. Plants are the natural producers. Transgenic plants potato and cotton were for the first time made available to farmers in USA.
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