Arctic Tundra Animals And Plants
Low-lying grasess like tundra grass Dupontia fischeri mosses such as Sphagnum mosses lichen largely reindeer lichen Cladonia rangiferina low-lying shrubs mountain cranberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea for example cushion plants like the three toothed saxifrage Saxifraga tricuspidata some 400 flowering vascular plants like the Dwarf Fireweed Chamerion latifolium and.
Arctic tundra animals and plants. Plants of Arctic Tundra. The meaning of this word is a plain region devoid of trees. Tundra wildlife includes small mammalssuch as Norway lemmings Lemmus lemmus arctic hares Lepis arcticus and arctic ground squirrels Spermophilus parryii and large mammals such as caribou Rangifer tarandus.
In North America the descriptive term Barren Grounds is frequently applied. Arctic Tundra List of Animal and Plants to take to Mars. The word tundra comes from the Finnish tunturi.
Approximately 1700 species of plants live on the Arctic tundra including flowering plants dwarf shrubs herbs grasses mosses and lichens. It is a type of hamster. Many animals feed on the pika.
Judging by the amount of hits my post last year on rudolph the. Animals in the tundra are also adapted to extreme conditions and they take advantage of the temporary explosion of plant and insect life in the short growing season. The arctic tundra is also a windy place and winds can blow between 30 to 60 miles 48 to 97 kilometers per hour.
Plants and animals have adapted to stay warm and preserve water. In the south is the subarctic formed by the northern subzones of the circumpolar boreal forest. The arctic tundra is a harsh environment that only the toughest plants and animals can survive in.
The prominent plants include varieties of mosses lichens sedges perennial grasses and cushion plants. The Arctic hare eats mainly woody plants but also dine on buds fruits. Below are some really neat facts about the arctic tundra.
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